A study published Tuesday at Newcastle University found that diseases such as cancer, diabetes, dementia and depression will become more prevalent, with more and more people over the age of 65 mature.
According to the University Aging Institute’s scholars, one in three people diagnosed with four chronic conditions may develop dementia, depression or some form of cognitive impairment.
They predict that in the next 20 years there will be a dramatic increase in the number of patients with multiple diseases, ie, multiple morbidity.
Over the years, the number of pensionable age patients diagnosed with cancer has increased by 179.4%, with an increase of 118% in patients with diabetes and a substantial increase in the incidence of arthritis.
The researchers said: “In people over the age of 85, except for dementia and depression, the absolute number of all diseases more than doubled between 2015 and 2035”.
This trend will mean that men and women will suffer from four or more diseases and two thirds of their life expectancy can be expected to increase by 2035 – 3.6 for men and 2.9 for women.
“These findings have a huge impact on how we think about the structure and resources of the NHS in the future,” said Carol Jagger, professor of aging epidemiology at the institute, who runs the study.
A large part of the increase in the number of people with four or more medical problems will sharply escalate their population projections for the next few years to at least 85 people, and Health Minister Jeremy Hunt warned that the figure would increase the workload of the NHS .
Jagger and her team have also identified another age group and their health is also very poor.
More worrying is the fact that our model shows that in the future young adults aged 65 to 74 are more likely to suffer from two or three diseases than in the past due to their high prevalence of obesity and lack of exercise, A risk factor for the disease, “Jagger added.
As part of the MODEM project, the study was jointly funded by the Economic and Social Research Council and the National Institutes of Health, an NHS research institute.
Caroline Abrahams, director of philanthropy at Age UK, said: “This study underscores the importance of providing health and nursing care to the elderly, and the increase in life expectancy has been a significant achievement in recent years, but it also means We need to shift our focus to helping people stay as independent and as long as possible.
An NHS spokesman for England said: “This study further demonstrates the need for integrated care, as the NHS is now starting to do to better support an increasing number of older people with multiple health problems.”